Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman tabled the Budget for the year 2020-21 in the Lower House of the Parliament on Saturday.

The Finance Minister proposed a new tax regime in Budget 2020 slashing income tax rates and rejigging income tax slabs to reduce total tax payable by individuals.

As per the new regime, 70 tax exemptions will be removed and there be will no tax for annual income of upto Rs 5 lakh. Besides, for income between Rs 5 lakh and Rs 7.5 lakh the tax rate will be 10 percent down from current 20%. Income between Rs 7.5 lakh and Rs 10 lakh will be taxed at 15% again down from the current 20%, while income between Rs 10 lakh and Rs 12.5 lakh will be taxed at 20% down from the current 30%.

Budget 2020 has offered tax payers the option to choose between the existing income tax regime and a new regime with slashed income rates and new income tax slabs but no tax exemptions.

Besides this, tax holiday of 5 years have been given for start ups, while real estate developers can enjoy a tax holiday on profits for a year.

This year’s budget also lays emphasis on giving fillip to the health sector besides improving road, rail and airlines connectivity. 100 new airports have been proposed by 2024, under the Udaan scheme. Sitharaman also charted a 16-point action plan to revive the Agri sector.

Here are the highlights of this year’s budget:
  • Income Tax slabs
    – Those earning up to Rs 5 lakh in a year will pay no tax.
    – Income between Rs 5-7.5 lakh, the tax rate is 10 pc.
    – Income between Rs 7.5-10 lakh, the tax rate is 15 pc.
    – Income between Rs 10-12.5 lakh, tax rate cut to 20 pc from 30 pc.
    – Income above 15 lakh rupees will continue to be taxed at 30 pc.
    – A person earning Rs 15 lakh per anum and not availing any deductions will now pay Rs 1.95 lakh tax in place of Rs 2.73 lakh.
    – The new personal income tax regime entails an estimated revenue foregone amounting to Rs 40,000 crore per year.
  • Entrepreneurship
    – Investment clearance cell to provide ‘End-to-End’ facilitation and support to entrepreneurial youth.
    – Developing five new smart cities in collaboration with states in PPP mode.
    – Encouraging manufacturer of mobile phones, electronic equipment and semiconductor packaging.
    – National technical textiles mission to position India as a global leader.
  • Government Debt
    – Te government’s debt has reduced to 48.9 per cent from 52.2 per cent while presenting the Union Budget in the Lok Sabha.
    – With renewed vigour, under PM’s leadership, we commit ourselves to present the people of India with all humility and dedication. People have reposed faith in our economic policy, said Sitharaman.
  • Credit for Farmers
    – The government to disburse Rs 15 lakh crore among farmers as credit for the year 2020-21.
    – Refinancing scheme of National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) will be further expanded.
  • 16-point plan for Farm Sector
    – These points include encouraging states to take up model agricultural laws, comprehensive measures for 100 water-stressed districts, PM Kusum Scheme, which removes dependence on kerosene and encourages the use of solar power, balanced use of fertilisers, an important step because currently the use of chemical fertilisers is incentivised.
    – A village storage scheme is proposed to be managed by SHEs. This will help farmers store more and reduce logistics costs.
    – Women in the village will be responsible for managing this seamless storage mechanism.
    – Krishi UDAAN scheme will be launched by the Aviation Ministry.
    – Horticulture sector with its current produce exceeds the production of food grains.
    – Financing of negotiable warehousing receipts will be integrating other e-services.
    – The government aims to eliminate the foot and mouth disease in sheep and goat by 2025.
    – The doubling of milk production of 53.5 million metric tonnes of milk to 103 metric million tonnes by 2025.
    – The government will involve youths in the fishery sector.
    – Rs 2.83 lakh crore outlay for agriculture and allied sector
    – Rs 1.23 lakh crore for rural development and Panchayati Raj
  • Industry Commerce and Road
    – Rs 27,300 crore for the development of industry and commerce during 2020-21.
    – The government intends to turn every district into an export house.
    – Rs 8,000 crore over five years for quantum technologies and applications.
    – Delhi-Mumbai expressway and two other projects would be completed by 2023.
    – Monetisation of 12 lots of highway bundles of over 6,000km will be ensured before 2024.
  • Deposit insurance cover
    – Increase the insurance coverage of their bank deposits from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 5 lakh.
    – Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation has been permitted to increase deposit insurance coverage to Rs 5 lakh per depositor from Rs 1 lakh, says Sitharaman.
  • Goods & Services Tax
    – GST has resulted in efficiency gains in the transport and logistics sector, Inspector Raj has vanished.
    – It has benefitted MSME Consumers have got the annual benefit of 1 lakh crore rupees by GST.
  • Tourism Sector
    – Will get Rs 2,500 crore in 2020-21
    – Rs 3,150 crore proposed for Ministry of Culture
    – Indian Institute of Heritage and Conservation to be established
    – 8 New Museums proposed, 5 Museums set for a major overhaul
    – 5 Iconic sites to see Infrastructure development
  • Boost to infrastructure
    – 100 more airports to be developed by 2024 to support UDAAN Scheme
    – Rs 22,000 crore for power and renewable energy sector
    – National Gas Grid to be expanded from the present 16200 km to 27000 km
    – 103 lakh crore for national infrastructure pipeline: 22,000 crores via equity support to infrastructure finance companies
  • Reforms in Banking Sector
    – Deposit insurance coverage to be increased to Rs 5 lakh per depositor
    – Separate NPS trust for government employees
    – Proposal to sell a part of government holding in LIC by way of IPO
    – Invoice financing, subordinate debt, export support schemes
    – RBI to consider an extension of debt restructuring window for MSMEs till March 31, 2021
    – Limits for FPI in corporate bonds increased from 9 pc to 15 pc of the outstanding stock
  • Health Sector
    – Rs 69,000 crore provided for health care in Union Budget 2020-21
    – Viability gap funding window proposed for setting up hospitals under Prime Minister Jan Arogya Yojana in PPP Mode
    – Jan Aushadhi Kendra Scheme to be expanded to all districts by 2024

(With inputs from ANI)


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