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India is home to almost 75% of the world’s tigers; Kaziranga has 104

First Published: 29th July, 2023 18:34 IST

Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh are showing a declining trend in tiger population, official data revealed

India is home to almost 75 per cent of the world’s wild tiger population. Madhya Pradesh leads the tally with the maximum number of tigers at 785 followed by Karnataka with 563 big cats, Uttarakhand with 560 tigers, and Maharashtra with 444 big cats. Assam’s Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve has 104 tigers.

This is as per official data released by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change today on the occasion of World Tiger Day.

However, some states of Northeastern of India, including Mizoram, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh, have reported disquieting trends with small tiger populations, the release said.

Further analysis of data done by the Wildlife Institute of India, from both camera-trapped and non-camera-trapped tiger presence areas, the upper limit of the tiger population is estimated to be 3,925 and the average number is 3,682 tigers, reflecting a commendable annual growth rate of 6.1% per annum.

Central India and the Shivalik Hills and Gangetic Plains witnessed a notable increase in tiger population, particularly in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Maharashtra.

Various tiger reserves have shown remarkable growth, while others face challenges. Approximately 35% of the tiger reserves urgently require enhanced protection measures, habitat restoration, ungulate augmentation, and subsequent tiger reintroduction.

India’s Project Tiger has made tremendous progress in tiger conservation over the past five decades, but challenges like poaching is still a threat to tiger conservation. Continued efforts to protect tiger habitats and corridors are crucial for securing the future of India’s tigers and their ecosystems for generations to come.

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